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The Antarctic Circle is a non-commercial forum and resource on historical, literary, bibliographical, artistic and cultural aspects of Antarctica and the South Polar regions. The breadth and quantity of its content expands periodically.

The Antarctic Circle itself—as distinct from this website—is an informal international group of scholars and knowledgeable amateurs interested or involved in non-scientific Antarctic studies.

The Antarctic Circle has benefited from much useful information passed on for inclusion by many people over the years.

Inclusion in The Antarctic Circle of appropriate material from persons active in the above areas is welcomed. For more information please contact the coordinator:

Robert B. Stephenson, Mailing Address: 150 Rivermead Road, Apt. 243, Peterborough, New Hampshire 03458, USA

E-mail: ac@rs41.org [Note: For many years our e-address was antarctic-circle@comcast.net. Recently this has been beset with difficulties and Comcast has been unhelpful at best. Consequently the change to ac@rs41.org. You can also use 5327653@gmail.com.

Previous to 5 September 2017, the site was accessed in excess of 218,756 times as of 10 July 2017. In early September it was discovered that the previous counter was no longer counting or supported. There appears to be no way to set the new counter to start at a higher figure. So add the number now given to ca. 220,000 to come up with total hits since 2 October 1996. Accessed at least many times since 5 September 2017.

IMPORTANT NOTICE about this website


Last updated: 12 November 2023. Those sections below that were updated in the past few days are indicated thusly:


search engine by freefind

The Library of The Antarctic Circle has moved to a new location. Have a look at http://www.rs41.org/Library/Home.html

Some of the visitors to the Library.


Dean of American polar booksellers dies


Bach of the Antarctic!

Have a look at some unusual penguins.
and how it was made

And how about this one in Japan?


Current & Upcoming Antarctic Events [Last Updated: 1 October 2022].

SouthPole-sium v.5: An Antarctic gathering in California, June 22-24, 2022 [Last Updated: 5 May 2022] CANCELLED

SouthPole-sium v.4.5: A Virtual Antarctic gathering, June 26, 2021 [Last Updated: 24 June 2021]

SouthPole-sium v.4: An Antarctic gathering in Dublin, June 7-9, 2019 [Last Updated: 2 June 2019]

SouthPole-sium v.3: An Antarctic gathering in Norway, May 12-14, 2017 [Last Updated: 7 May 2017]
The SouthPole-sium v.3 has come and gone. How do feel about the next one being in or around Dublin in 2019?

SouthPole-sium v.2: An Antarctic gathering in Scotland, 1-4 May 2015 [Last Updated: 16 June 2015]
The SouthPole-sium v.2 has come and gone. The opinion of most was that it was a great success. 1) the weather was reasonably good though brisk; 2) Lunga House—our venue—was terrific; 3) lots of interesting talks, comments and discussions were enjoyed; and 4) no real crises crept in to spoil things.

SouthPole-sium v.1: An Antarctic book gathering in Jaffrey, New Hampshire, 15-17 June. RE-CAP [Last Updated: 3 July 2012]
The two-disc video produced by Tom Henderson is now available at http://www.gwillow.com/SouthPole-sium.html

Those who have attended SouthPole-siums v.1, v.2, v.3 &/or v.4 By version
Those who have attended SouthPole-siums v.1-v.4 Combined

Past Antarctic Events - 2021 and 2022.
Past Antarctic Events - 2019 and 2020.
Past Antarctic Events - 2017 and 2018.
Past Antarctic Events - 2015 and 2016.
Past Antarctic Events - 2013 and 2014.
Past Antarctic Events - 2011 and 2012.
Past Antarctic Events - 2009 and 2010.
Past Antarctic Events - 2007 and 2008.
Past Antarctic Events - 2005 and 2006.
Past Antarctic Events - 2002 through 2004.
Past Antarctic Events - 2001 or Earlier.


Antarctic Book Notes. [Last Updated: 18 July 2020] Recently issued Antarctic titles: • A Brian Roberts biography • James Freemantle on the Aurora Australis • Don Webster on Scott Base • The Stams on Polar Reading • Hester Blum on polar periodicals • Polar Edition of The Book Collector • Isobel Williams on Bruce • Bullock on Priestley • Amundsen vs Scott again • Borkan & Hirzel on Decision Making
A collector seeks Antarctic science titles.

About Antarctic Encyclopedias—More Than You Will Ever Want or Need to Know.

Some duplicates.

Orphaned books. [Last Updated: 12 May 2018]
Antarctic Books Due & Works-in-Progress. [Last Updated: 18 July 2020] • Captain Cook and the Antarctic • Possibly a Lecointe translation • Taaffe on Stackhouse • Mountaineering and NZ Antarctic science • Another from T.H. Baughman

Antiquarian Booksellers & Auction houses specializing in Antarcticana. [Last Updated: 16 October 2018]

Some Rare Antarctic Books [Last Updated: 13 June 2022] • The Adelie Mail & Cape Adare Times • The Antarctic Petrel • The Blizzard • Aurora Australis • The Antarctic Book • South Polar Times • Catalogue of The British Antarctic Expedition, 1907-9 • Davis's A Letter from the Antarctic.

Antarctic Collections. [Last Updated: 22 February 2011] • Catalogue of The Library of The Antarctic Circle • The Mountaineering and Polar Collections at the National Library of Scotland • Hampshire County Council Archives • David Stam's paper on Bassett Jones and his Libris Polaris • The largely unknown Griffith Taylor collection in Australia • SPRI's 'Freeze Frame' project • New acquisitions by Plymouth City Museum and Art Gallery • Byrd Polar Research Center Archival Program • Waite Collection at Peabody Essex Museum. • SPRI's archives going on 'Archives Hub.'

Antarctic Poetry. [Last Updated: 11 December 2022] • Antarctic Haiku—Poems freezing moments on The Ice, by Pitamber Kaushik • Some Antarctic haiku and tanka • McNeil's Night Orders • Ponting's 'Sleeping Bag' • A Shackleton poem • Poems by Elizabeth Bradfield • A Mawson poem • Two Scott poems • A Shackleton poem. • A Scott poem.

Tekeli-li. [Last and Final Update: 11 January 2010] Fauno Cordes' annotated bibliography of Antarctic fiction. Hundreds of works of fiction—1605 to the present—that have an Antarctic setting or connection of one sort or another. Extensive and useful introduction. NOTE: Fauno died on 25 December 2009.
Her obituary appears elsewhere on this site.
Antarctic Fiction Bibliography. Valmar Kurol, Curator. Inspired by the work of Fauno Cordes. [Launched: 30 January 2011. Last Updated: 10 March 2020]

Antarcticana in the Columbia University Libraries; An Annotated Bibliography. [Last Updated: 27 February 2021]

Books taken on Antarctic expeditions. [Last Updated: 13 June 2014]

Polar Periodicals. Newspapers, keepsakes, menus, etc. produced on polar expeditions. [Last Updated: 12 May 2018]

Antarctic bookplates. [Last Updated: 12 December 2022]

Antarctic Maps. [Last Updated: 23 December 2007] • Extensive update. New information on US and UK maps and charts of Antarctica • New BAS map.

The Erebus & Terror Press. [Last Updated: 21 June 2020]

Antarctic Podcasts. [Last Updated: 13 December 2022]


Here's an interesting piece on collecting from Country Life. And another one from P. G. Wodehouse.

Antarctic Auctions. [Last Updated: 11 June 2022] • Sothebys RESULTS • Dominic Winter RESULTS • Sagan & Delås RESULTS • Bonhams Travel & Exploration RESULTS • Potter & Potter RESULTS • Christie's Valuable Books & Manuscripts RESULTS • Bonhams Travel & Exploration RESULTS • A potpourri from Art+Object RESULTS • Penguin bowling pins at Skinner RESULTS • ExEx satirical lithograph at Swann RESULTS • Bonhams Travel & Exploration RESULTS • Byrd at Swann RESULTS • Mostly Scott and Shackleton relics from the huts RESULTS • Photographs at Sothebys RESULTS • Richard Reaney's collection including another Aurora RESULTS • Antarcticana at Whyte's RESULTS • Wilson letter at Forum Auctions RESULTS • Frank Debenham's ice pick goes through the roof RESULTS

Antarctic Medals. [Last Updated: 3 September 2016]. Curated by Glenn M. Stein, FRGS. • Shackleton's Medals • Vince's Medals • South Polar Race Medal • Surgeon David Lyall • Frank Wild. • Sergeant William Cunningham, Royal Marines. • Netmen of The Antarctic. • French South Seas & Antarctic Expedition, 1837-40. • The German Atlantic Meteor Expedition Medal 1925-27. • Thomas Feather. • Admiral Edward Joseph Bird. • The Challenger Medal. • Pilot "Tommy" Thomson. • Alton Lindsey, Byrd Antarctic Expedition II, 1933-35. • Russia's Honored Polar Explorer Badge. • Dog driver Louis P. Colombo.

Antarctic Trade Cards. [Last Updated: 20 May 2022]. This combines Series 1, 2 and 3, and adds new ones from Peter Spielmann.

Antarctic Patches & Similar. [Last Updated: 30 August 2018].

Some Collectors of Antarcticana in their Native Habitat. [Last Updated: 27 November 2021]


Summary of Antarctic Voyages and Expeditions. [Last Updated: 28 December 2006] Prepared by Michael Rosove.

Antarctic Traverses. [Launched: 28 February 2019. Updated: 24 March 2019.] Prepared by Bob Headland and others. Used with permission.
         And here's a piece by David Roberts entitled The First Solo Antarctic Traverse from the New York Times, January 3, 2019.

Chronologies & Timelines of Antarctic Exploration. [Last Updated: 4 February 2010] • Principal Expeditions during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration • An Historical Timeline of Antarctic Exploration • A Concise Chronology of Approach to the Poles • Timelines for Ernest Shackleton, Robert F. Scott and Roald Amundsen.

Antarctic Firsts. [Last Updated: 19 August 2022]

Antarctic Historic Sites. [Last Updated: 1 July 2015]

Historic Antarctic Huts. [Last Updated: 4 October 2014]

First Landing in the South Shetland Islands; Two Centuries Ago. Bob Headland. [Launched: 12 October 2019]

Antarctic Calendar. [Last Updated: 5 June 2022] A listing of Antarctic events—some important, some less so, some interesting or entertaining—with entries for many days of the year.

Antarctic Ships. [Last Updated: 21 August 2008] Ships that loom large (and small) in the history of Antarctic exploration. • Some new entries from Jennifer Stringer • Richard Paul Smyers on the Wyatt Earp and the Schwabenland • Some interesting details on the Bear • Some additions from Charles Lagerbom • Info on the Uruguay from Michael Rosove

Antarctic Aviation. [Last Updated: 1 March 2015]


Antarctic Websites. [Last Updated: 27 December 2014] • Updated and links checked as of 4 September 2014 • Cooking on Ice • Shackleton100 • Shackleton in Schools • Scott's Last Expedition • Antarctic panoramas • Street View comes to Antarctica! • A terrific source for e-books • Antarctic dates • Scott's ponies • Scott's Northern Party site and blog added • More e-books Many Antarctic titles on Google Book Search.

Antarctic Organizations. [Last Updated: 25 February 2013]
The Best of Shane. [Last Updated: 28 July 2022]


Antarctic "Living Treasures". [Last Updated: 17 April 2012] Some great contemporary Antarcticans.

Antarctic Nicknames. [Last Updated: 12 November 2016]

Endurance Family Members. [Last Updated: 20 September 2016] Richard Brodeur's 'work in progress' tracing descendants of Shackleton's 'Endurance' expedition.

Antarctic Obituaries. [Last Updated: 4 May 2020] • Including indexes to obituaries in the Polar Record and Geographical Journal.
• Paul Dalrymple 24 April 2020 • Jim McCarthy 11 December 2019 • Frank O'Brien 2 April 7 • Bob Finch 9 August 2016 • Charles Swithinbank 27 May 2014 • Nicholas Johnson 28 November 2012 • Alan Gurney 22 July 2012 • Colin Bull 7 September 2010 • Lt Cdr Malcolm Burley 23 August 2010 • Adelie Hurley 4 March 2010 • Phillip Garth Law 28 February 2010 • Fauno Cordes 25 December 2009 • John M. Levinson 4 October 2009 • Jackie Ronne 14 June 2009 • Margery Wharton 17 September 2008 • Sir Edmund Hillary 11 January 2008 • Sir Wally Herbert 12 June 2007 • Peter Jensen Skellerup 15 May 2006 • John Arnfield Heap 8 March 2006 • Norman Vaughan 23 December 2005 • William Mills 8 May 2004 • Duncan Carse 2 May 2004 • Lady Virginia Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 20 February 2004 • Captain Leonard Hill 2 September 2003 • A.G.E. Jones 2002 • Charlie Burton 16 July 2002 • George W. Gibbs 7 November 2001 • Harding Dunnett 22 April 2000 • Commander Sir Jameson Adams 30 April 1962 • Francis Howard Bickerton 1934 • William Speirs Bruce 1921


Antarctic Art. [Last Updated: 23 April 2014] • New Zealand artist, Sue Cooke • David Abbey Paige at the Fitchburg Art Museum • Dumont d'Urville's artist • Frank Wild plaque now up at Grytviken • Antarctic Artist Robert C. Hogue • Duncan Carse bust appeal • First Antarctica painting • Mrs Chippy returns! • Scott statue unveiled in Cardiff • 1903 Article by Frank Wilbert Stokes • Operation Deepfreeze I on-line exhibition.

Antarctic Image Chronology [Last Updated: 21 November 2009] Prepared by William L. Fox.
Herbert Ponting; Picturing the Great White South by Maggie Downing •

Antarctic Photography and Film [Last Updated: 4 September 2016] • Herbert Ponting; Picturing the Great White South, by Maggie Downing. • Photography Comes to the Polar Regions—Almost, by Glenn M. Stein., FRGS

Antarctic Movies [Last Updated: 25 February 2018] Dramas/Fictional Movies about Antarctica (non documentaries). Compiled by Valmar Kurol.

Antarctic Music. [Last Updated: 25 August 2021] • A Rose for Antarctica by Valmar Kurol & Michael Stibor • Ross Sea Suites by Valmar Kurol & Michael Stibor • Shackleton's Endurance • Songs for the Scott Centenary • Video and music from iLIKETRAiNS • Our Retired Explorer (Dines with Michel Folcault in Paris, 1961) • Two songs from Billy-Ace • A Shackleton song • Music commemorating Bruce and the Scotia. • A Scott song. • 'Songs of the Morning' CD.

Antarctica Experienced Through Music; Capsule Comments on CDs about Antarctica. [Last Updated: 15 September 2016] Prepared by Valmar Kurol.

Musical Instruments in Antarctica. [Last Updated: 23 July 2014] BEING DEVELOPED

Antarctic Theatre. [Last Updated: 18 April 2010] • Tom Crean: Sailor on Ice—an online audiodrama. • The Last South tours Britain 9 April - 24 May 2008.


Antarctic Queries. [Last updated: 9 November 2020] • Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror…1839 to 1843 • Did you ever 'winter-over'? Participate in a psychological study • Forsters' Characteres Generum Plantarum • Scott's camera • A Shackleton mystery • A Query and a Puzzle. Requests concerning • Frank Bickerton (AAE) • Scott, J.M. Barrie and 'Polly' • author J. Gordon Hayes

Antarctic Odds & Ends. [Last Updated: 10 February 2019] • A P. G. Wodehouse quote • Restored Scott statue unveiled in Christchurch • FDR and stamps • Erebus (or Terror) found & bell recovered • The Polar Record: no more print issues • Participate in a Survey on Antarctic Tourism • Mawson's huts replica • Discovery of the South Shetland Islands • Scott's dates • New Zealand earthquake • Green Plaque for Markham • Scott's rocks • Some Antarctic keepsakes • Some Keynote/Powerpoint presentations • Antarcticana in the Levinson Collection • Evans vs Evans • Shackleton(s) in Boston • An interesting two pages from Frank Hill • George Gibbs, Antarctica's first black explorer • Blackboard penguins found at SPRI • Scott-era diary found.

Antarctic Pets. [Last Updated: 30 March 2004]

Antarctic Cartoons. [Last Updated: 31 August 2019]

Antarctic Board Games. [Last Updated: 9 April 2022] Prepared by Peter Spielmann.

Antarctic Flags. [Last Updated: 4 December 2014]

Antarctic Food & Drink. [Last Updated: 28 October 2021]

Antarctic Skis & Sledges. [Last Updated: 13 January 2013]

Antarctic Quotes. [Last Updated: 19 August 2022]

Shackleton Grave Memorials. [Last Updated: 1 April 2021]

To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield. [Last Updated: 16 January 2015]

A Low-Latitude Antarctic Gazetteer. [Last Updated: 15 September 2012] A descriptive listing of sites of Antarctic interest outside of the Antarctic, places that have some association with the exploration of the South Polar Regions. Prepared by Robert Stephenson. MAJOR RE-ARRANGEMENT UNDERWAY. JUST ADDED: • PowerPoint shows • Google maps locating sites (so far England, Scotland and Wales, London & Environs, Ireland, Norway, New Zealand, Australia and United States & Canada).
$100 Contest. [Last Updated: 25 October 2021]

The following sections are in preparation or at least being thought about:
Tobacco References

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