HISTORIC ANTARCTIC HUTS

Included here is selected information on some of the historic huts that still exist—at least in some form—in Antarctica.

There is still a lot to add to this section.

Launched: 24 December 2011. Last updated: 3 July 2012.

See also elsewhere on this site, Antarctic Historic Sites

See this page from the Natural History Museum


View Historic Huts in the Antarctic in a larger map
Cape Adare (Borchegrevink's Southern Cross expedition)
Hut Point (Scott's Discovery expedition)
Omond House, Laurie Island (Bruce's Scotia expedition)
Snow Hill Island (Nordenskjöld's Swedish South Polar expedition)
Paulet Island (Nordenskjöld's Swedish South Polar expedition)
Cape Royds (Shackleton's Nimrod expedition)
Cape Evans (Scott's Terra Nova expedition)
Cape Adare (Scott's Northern Party)
Framheim, Bay of Whales (Amundsen's Fram expedition)
Cape Denison (Mawson's Australasian Antarctic expedition)


Cape Adare

Location Built Expedition Leader Length Width Area Residents Sq Ft per Res
71°18'S, 170°12'E.1899Southern CrossBorchegrevink21 feet18 feet378 sq ft1038
Notes:

Shore Party (10)
    Carstens Borchgrevink-Leader
    Bernacchi
    Colbeck
    Ellefsen
    Evans
    Fougner
    Hanson (died 10/15/99)
    Kløvstad
    Must
    Savio


The hut at Cape Adare.
Source: unknown



The hut at Cape Adare.
Source: unknown



A modern view of the hut at Cape Adare.
Source: Jonathan Shackleton



The hut at Cape Adare in 1991.



The hut at Cape Adare in 1991.



Ten Jaffrey residents representing the occupants of the hut within its footprint.



Hut Point, Ross Island

Location Built Expedition Leader Length Width Area Residents Sq Ft per Res
-77.847441, 166.6428571902DiscoveryScott36 feet36 feet1,296 sq ft4827
Notes:

At Winter Quarters (48)
    Robert F. Scott-Leader
    Allan
    Armitage
    Barne
    Bernacchi
    Bissett
    Brett (returned to NZ on the Morning 1903)
    Buckridge
    Clarke
    Crean
    Cross
    Croucher
    Dailey
    Dell
    Dellbridge
    Duncan (returned to NZ on the Morning 1903)
    Evans
    Feather
    Ferrar
    Ford
    Handsley
    Hare (returned to NZ on the Morning 1903)
    Heald
    Hodgson
    Hubert (returned to NZ on the Morning 1903)
    Joyce
    Kennar
    Koettlitz
    Lashly
    Macfarlane (invalided home on the Morning 1903)
    Mulock (relieved Shackleton)
    Page (returned to NZ on the Morning 1903)
    Peters (returned to NZ on the Morning 1903)
    Pilbeam
    Plumley
    Quartley
    Royds
    G. Scott
    Shackleton (relieved by Mulock)
    Skelton
    Smythe
    Vince (died March 1902)
    Walker (returned to NZ on the Morning 1903)
    Weller
    Whitfield
    Wild
    Williamson
    Wilson


The Discovery hut in 1991.



The Discovery hut in 1991.



Floor plan of the Discovery hut as it was envisioned to be laid out.
Source: David Harrowfield



Omond House, Laurie Island, South Orkney Islands

Location Built Expedition Leader Length Width Area Residents Sq Ft per Res
60°45'S, 44°43'W.1903Scotia/SNAEBruce20 feet20 ft400 sq ft667
Notes:

Wintered over
    William Speirs Bruce-Leader
    Brown
    Kerr
    Mossman
    Pirie
    Ramsay (died 8/6/02)
    Ross
    Wilton



Omond House.
Source: http://gdl.cdlr.strath.ac.uk/scotia/vs031-034.htm



Omond House.
Source: unknown



Omond House.
Source: unknown



Omond House in 1998.



Six Jaffrey residents representing the occupants of the hut within its footprint.



Snow Hill Island, Weddell Sea

Location Built Expedition Leader Length Width Area Residents Sq Ft per Res
64°22'S, 56°59'W.1902Swedish South Polar ExpeditionNordenskjöld21 feet13.5 feet284 sq ft557
Notes:

Shore Party (5)
    Otto Nordenskjöld-Leader
    Åkerlundh
    Bodman
    Jonassen
    Sobral


The hut at Snow Hill Island.
Source: Reader's Digest Antarctica, 1988.



The hut at Snow Hill Island.
Source: unknown.



"Our new-found companions on their arrival at Snow Hill"
Source: unknown.



Modern view of the hut at Snow Hill Island.
Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/53094833@N03/5360724890/in/photostream



Floor plan of the hut at Snow Hill Island.
Source: Fred Goldberg et al, The Swedish Hut in Antarctica, 2001.



Elevation and floor plan of the hut at Snow Hill Island.
Source: unknown



Five Jaffrey residents representing the occupants of the hut within its footprint.



Paulet Island

Location Built Expedition Leader Length Width Area Residents Sq Ft per Res
63°34'S, 55°45'W. 1903Swedish South Polar ExpeditionNordenskjöld34 feet22 feet748 sq ft2037
Notes:

Shore Party (20)
    Carl Anton Larsen-Leader
    A. Andersson
    J.G. Andersson
    K.A. Andersson
    Duse
    Grunden
    Haslum
    Johansson
    Karlsen
    Martin
    Ohlin
    Olsen
    Reinholdz
    Skottsberg
    Wennersgaard (died 6/7/03)
    and 5 others


The hut at Paulet Island.
Source: Reader's Digest Antarctica, 1988.



The remains of the hut at Paulet Island in 1998.



The remains of the hut at Paulet Island in 1998.



Twenty Jaffrey residents representing the occupants of the hut within its footprint.



Cape Royds, Ross Island

Location Built Expedition Leader Length Width Area Residents Sq Ft per Res
77°33'10.7S, 166°10'6.5E.1908NimrodShackleton33.14 feet19.2 feet636 sq ft1542
Notes:

Shore Party (15)
    Ernest H. Shackleton-Leader
    Adams
    Armytage
    Brocklehurst
    David
    Day
    Joyce
    Mackay
    Marshall
    Marston
    Mawson
    Murray
    Priestley
    Roberts
    Wild


Site Plan, Cape Royds
Source: L. B. Quartermain, Two Huts in the Antarctic, 1963.



Floor Plan, Cape Royds Hut
Source: Conservation Report, Shackleton's Hut, British Antarctic Expedition 1907-1909, Cape Royds, Ross Island, Antarctica.
Published by the Antarctic Heritage Trust, Christchurch, March 2003.



The Cape Royds Hut
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_Royds



Fifteen Jaffrey residents representing the occupants of the hut within its footprint.



Cape Evans, Ross Island

Location Built Expedition Leader Length Width Area Residents Sq Ft per Res
77°38'S, 166°24'E.1911Terra NovaScott50 feet25 feet1,250 sq ft2550
Notes:

Shore Party (25)
    Robert F. Scott-Leader
    Atkinson
    Bowers
    Cherry-Garrard
    Clissold
    Crean
    Day
    Debenham
    Evans, E.R.G.R.
    Evans, Edgar
    Forde
    Gerof
    Gran
    Hooper
    Keohane
    Lashly
    Meares
    Nelson
    Oates
    Omelchenko
    Ponting
    Simpson
    Taylor
    Wilson
    Wright


Site Plan, Cape Evans
Source: L. B. Quartermain, Two Huts in the Antarctic, 1963.



Floor Plan, Cape Evans Hut
Source: L. B. Quartermain, Two Huts in the Antarctic, 1963.



Trial erection of the hut in Lyttelton, New Zealand.
Source: David Harrowfield, Sledging into History, 1981.



Applying insulating material on the exterior, 10 January 1911.
Source: David Harrowfield, Sledging into History, 1981.



Twenty-five Jaffrey residents representing the occupants of the hut within its footprint.



Cape Adare, Victoria Land

Location Built Expedition Leader Length Width Area Residents Sq Ft per Res
71°18'S, 170°12'E.1911Northern PartyCampbell20.8 feet20.2 feet420 sq ft670
Notes:

Shore Party (6)
    Victor Campbell-Leader
    Abbott
    Browning
    Dickason
    Levick
    Priestley


The Northern Party hut at Cape Adare.
Source: unknown



Remains of the Northern Party hut at Cape Adare in 1991.



Remains of the Northern Party hut at Cape Adare in 1991.



Framheim, Bay of Whales

Location Built Expedition Leader Length Width Area Residents Sq Ft per Res
78°40'S, 164°W.1911FramAmundsen26.25 feet13.12 feet344 sq ft938.25
Notes: Dimensions courtesy of Geir O. Kløver.

Short Party (9)
    Roald Amundsen-Leader
    Bjaaland
    Hanssen
    Hassel
    Johanssen
    Lindstrøm
    Prestud
    Stubberud
    Wisting


"Plan of the Winter Quarters of the Expedition"
Source: Sydpolen



Framheim
Source: Wikipedia



Framheim
Source: Wikipedia



The hut being set up in a trial run at Amundsen's house.
Source: Norsk Folkemuseum, Oslo


"The hut was constructed in sections by a master carpenter, Jørgen Stubberud and erected at Amundsen's home in Norway, then dismantled for shipment to Antarctica on the Fram. The term literally means "home of the Fram". During its construction in Norway, Amundsen maintained that the hut was for "observation", which would fit in nicely with his supposed intent to head to the North Pole. To the more than casual student of exploration, it was obvious that the hut was intended as living quarters. Amundsen was, in fact, headed to the South Pole. The cabin was an early example of a pre-fabricated structure, and employed a custom dining table which could retract to the ceiling for cleaning beneath. It measured five by four meters, and the walls were made up of four layers of three inch wooden boards with cardboard between for insulation. During the long Antarctic winter, Amundsen and the members of his expedition constructed a network of workshops and storage rooms, including a steam-bath room, carved out of the ice surrounding the main hut. In this complex the men busied themselves in preparing for the upcoming journey to the South Pole."
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Framheim


Nine Jaffrey residents representing the occupants of the hut within its footprint.



Cape Denison, Commonwealth Bay

Location Built Expedition Leader Length Width Area Residents Sq Ft per Res
67°00'30"S, 142°39"40"E.1912Australasian Antarctic ExpeditionMawson**954 sq ft1853
* There are two attached huts: 24x24 and 21x18 feet.

Notes:

"The huts accommodated 18 men and 21 dogs. The main living quarters (24ft x 24ft) were pre-fabricated and donated by George Hudson & Sons (Sydney), the smaller workshop (18ft x 16ft [sic]) by Messrs Anthony (Melbourne)."
Source: From a caption on the scale model of the huts at the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery in Hobart.

There is extensive information, including photographs, on the huts and the expedition at
http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/ahdb/search.pl?mode=place_detail;place_id=105713

Shore Party (18)
    Douglas Mawson-Leader
    Bage
    Bickerton
    Close
    Correll
    Hannam
    Hodgeman
    Hunter
    Jeffryes
    Laseron
    McLean
    Madigan
    Mertz
    Murphy
    Ninnis
    Stillwell
    Webb
    Whetter


Mawson's hut.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mawson's_Huts



Plan. Mawson's hut.
Source: Mawson, The Home of the Blizzard



Sections. Mawson's hut.
Source: Mawson, The Home of the Blizzard



Eighteen Jaffrey residents representing the occupants of the main hut within its footprint.
(Front left corner just out of the photo.)




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